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Low Cost Partial Knee Replacement Surgery in India

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Partial Knee Replacement

Introduction

Partial knee replacement, also called a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty,’ is a surgery that may be considered for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint. Traditionally, patients have undergone total knee replacement for severe arthritis of the knee joint. In a total knee replacement, all cartilage is removed from the knee joint, and a metal and plastic implant is substituted.

Human beings use their knees in almost all of their daily activities. And if they suffer from pain in the knees, this could be very frustrating. Knee pain can occur for a variety of reasons. Of which, knee arthritis is the most common reason. The doctor can recommend a partial knee replacement surgery in cases where the patient is suffering from debilitating pain. Partial knee replacement surgery is also known as uni-compartmental knee surgery because it is different from a traditional total knee replacement surgery.

A partial knee replacement surgery is relatively less invasive than a traditional total knee replacement surgery. Partial knee replacement surgery in India could be a good option for patients suffering from knee arthritis and from knee injuries. This type of knee replacement surgery is preferred over the traditional total knee replacement surgery because it replaces only the damaged parts of the knee. The post operative hospital stay is also a very short period of one or two day as compared to a total knee replacement surgery. Patients have experienced a shorter recovery period in a partial knee replacement surgery.

 

Benefits of partial knee replacement surgery in India

Multiple studies have shown that modern unicompartmental knee replacement performs very well in the vast majority of patients who are appropriate candidates.

The advantages of partial knee replacement over total knee replacement include:

  • Minimally invasive surgery with smaller incision:In a unicondylar or partial knee replacement surgery the incision is about three inches and the amount of dissection and the bone removal is much smaller.
  • Affordable costs: The total cost of partial knee replacement surgery in India is quite affordable compared to the Western counterparts. Price of partial knee surgery in India is almost 1/4th of the cost of that in the UK and the US.
  • Quicker recovery and shorter hospital stay:Compared to a total knee replacement, the recovery time and the number of days of hospital stay in a partial knee replacement is lesser.
  • Less blood loss:Partial knee replacement is performed by making a small incision and hence a blood transfusion is infrequently needed. The amount of blood loss is much lesser when compared to a total knee replacement.

Less waiting time: The waiting time is less for surgery in India and we will help you access the Affordable Hospital for Partial Knee Replacement Surgery in India.

Check out the Patient Testimonial, where the patient shares about their success stories from treatments through Joint Replacement Surgery Hospital India.

Hello, my name is Mr. Richard from Zambia. I got a partial knee replacement surgery in India through your surgery group. Two years back, I was experiencing excruciating pain in my left knee and the pain started getting worse. After undergoing examinations, my doctor suggested me to get a partial knee replacement. Lack of basic medical facilities and amenities in my native place made me a bit hesitant to get my surgery back in Zambia. One of my friend who got his surgery in India, told me about your surgery group. I was impressed with his experience and contacted this group with my inquiry. They called me back with a reply and also asked me to send my medical reports. We had discussions over the phone and mails. They explained me about the surgery and cleared my doubts. I decided to fly down to India for the surgery. The surgeon was a nice person and a professional who explained me about the surgery. The nurses were quite friendly and made me feel comfortable. My surgery went smoothly. I followed all the post surgery instructions given by the surgeon. I want to thank your group for your support and assistance to get my surgery fixed at such economical prices.

Candidates for partial knee replacement surgery

The minimally invasive partial knee replacement is indicated in patients who have severe arthritis of the knee that have failed conservative treatments may consider this procedure. Conservative measures may include, but are not limited to, medications (such as Advil, Naprosyn, Celebrex, and Vioxx), cortisone injections, strengthening exercises, and weight loss. If these treatments are not adequate, and you as a patient are not satisfied, then surgical procedures may be considered.

The partial knee surgery may be possible if the arthritis in the knee is confined to a limited area. If the arthritis is widespread, then the partial knee replacement is NOT appropriate, and should not be considered. In addition, the partial knee surgery is recommended in patients who are:

  • Older than 55 years
  • Not obese
  • Relatively sedentary
  • Have intact ligaments (specifically the ACL)

If these qualifications are not met, then the minimally invasive partial knee surgery may not be as successful. Unfortunately, many patients are therefore ineligible for this minimally invasive procedure.

Most patients who seek surgical management have arthritis that is too advanced for the minimally invasive partial knee replacement procedure. Because surgical treatment is considered a ‘last-resort’ by most patients, by the time surgery is necessary, their arthritis is too advanced to consider this minimally invasive procedure. If partial knee replacement is done in a patient who is a poor candidate, failure rates can be high, and conversion to a traditional total knee surgery may be more difficult.

 

Long term result with partial knee replacement surgery

The long-term results are very good when the minimally invasive partial knee replacement is done in the right patients. Older studies showed very poor results of the partial knee replacement, but these results are thought to be due to poor patient selection. If the minimally invasive procedure is done on a patient with too widespread arthritis, the results are very likely to be less than satisfactory. If your doctor does not recommend a partial knee replacement, you may be in this situation. If this is the case, further conservative treatment (e.g. injections, physical therapy, medications, etc.), or total knee surgery are the best options.

 

Partial knee replacement surgery

Before surgery

On the day of the surgery, you will likely be admitted to the Partial Knee Replacement Surgery Hospital in India.

Before your procedure, a doctor from the anesthesia department will evaluate you. He or she will review your medical history and discuss anesthesia choices with you. You should also have discussed anesthesia choices with your surgeon during your preoperative clinic visits. Anesthesia can be either general (you are put to sleep) or spinal (you are awake but your body is numb from the waist down).

Your surgeon will also see you before surgery and sign your knee to verify the surgical site.

Surgical procedure

A partial knee replacement operation typically lasts between 1 and 2 hours.

Your surgeon will make an incision at the front of your knee. He or she will then explore the three compartments of your knee to verify that the cartilage damage is, in fact, limited to one compartment and that your ligaments are intact. If your surgeon feels that your knee is unsuitable for a partial knee replacement, he or she will instead perform a total knee replacement. He or she will discuss this contingency plan with you before your operation to make sure that you agree with this strategy.

If your knee is suitable for a partial knee replacement, your surgeon will use special saws to remove the cartilage from the damaged compartment of your knee and will cap the ends of the femur and tibia with metal coverings. The metal components are generally held to the bone with cement. A plastic insert is placed between the two metal components to allow for a smooth gliding surface.

After the surgery, you will be taken to the recovery room, where you will be closely monitored by nurses as you recover from the anesthesia. You will then be taken to your hospital room.

 

Complications

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved with partial knee replacement. Your surgeon will discuss each of the risks with you and will take specific measures to help avoid potential complications.

 

Although rare, the most common risks include:

  • Blood clots. Blood clots in the leg veins are the most common complication of knee replacement surgery. Blood clots can form in the deep veins of the legs or pelvis after surgery. Blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin), low-molecular-weight heparin, aspirin, or other drugs can help prevent this problem.
  • You will be given antibiotics before the start of your surgery and these will be continued for about 24 hours afterward to prevent infection.
  • Injury to nerves or vessels. Although it rarely happens, nerves or blood vessels may be injured or stretched during the procedure.
  • Continued pain.
  • Risks of anesthesia.

 

Recovery

Because a partial knee replacement is done through a smaller, less invasive incision, hospitalization is shorter, and rehabilitation and return to normal activities is faster.

Patients usually experience less postoperative pain, less swelling, and have easier rehabilitation than patients undergoing total knee replacement. In most cases, patients go home 1 to 3 days after the operation.

You will begin putting weight on your knee immediately after surgery. You may need a walker, cane, or crutches for the first several days or weeks until you become comfortable enough to walk without assistance.

A physical therapist will give you exercises to help maintain your range of motion and restore your strength. You will continue to see your orthopaedic surgeon for follow-up visits in his or her clinic at regular intervals.

You will most likely resume your regular activities of daily living by 6 weeks after surgery.

 

Why Choose Joint Replacement Surgery Hospital India for Partial Knee Replacement Surgery?

Joint Replacement Surgery Hospital India offers highest quality bone and joint health care with attentiveness, care and compassion to meet the needs of the patients and their loved ones. The medical team includes board-certified orthopedic surgeons who are familiar with all the aspects of the musculoskeletal system. Our hospital uses the most advanced technologies available for the orthopaedic procedures and has a lower complication rate.

If you are really seeking for Partial Knee Replacement Surgery, kindly fill up the form for a free consultation with our surgeons. You will be provided with thorough analysis and suggestions regarding the Partial Knee Replacement Surgery you are seeking. 

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FAQ’s

I have been told that I might benefit from partial knee resurfacing. Is this the same thing as partial knee replacement?

Yes. Partial knee replacement, partial knee resurfacing surgery, unicompartmental knee replacement, and unicondylar knee replacement all refer to the same procedure.

Are there any age restrictions for partial knee surgery?

There are no strict recommendations, but in general, partial knee replacements are appropriate for patients over 40 years old who meet other eligibility criteria.

Why should I consider this procedure?

The primary purpose of this procedure is relief of pain. Second is to enhance walking ability. Finally, restoring anatomy as close as possible to normal. The prosthesis is designed for walking or brisk walking, not running.

 

What type of anaesthetic will I have? Should I use a general or local anesthetic?

A general anasthetic means you will be unconscious during the surgery and should have no recollection aside from going to sleep and waking up. A local anasthetic allow you to remain conscious. Typically we use a spinal anesthetic which blocks all pain in the area while leaving the patient conscious. This is a personal choice and can be discussed with the anesthesiologist.

 

What is the knee prosthesis made of?

Knee prostheses or implants are made of metal and plastic. These surfaces are designed to glide smoothly against one another just as cartilage does in a healthy knee.

Will I be able to resume bicycle riding/tennis/skiing after my partial knee replacement?

 

Although not all patients are able to return to unrestricted sport, many patients are able to resume biking, tennis and skiing.

 

 

What kind of complications can occur with partial knee surgery?

As with any joint replacement surgery, complications may include instability of the knee, loosening of the implant, infection, nerve injury and deep vein thrombosis. Generally, complications occur less frequently after partial knee replacement than they do following total knee replacement. Be sure to discuss any concerns you have regarding these or other issues with your surgeon.

 

Is recovery from partial knee replacement painful?

All surgeries result in some pain. We have robust systems and resources dedicated to address post-operative pain management. While pain varies by patient, typically patients experience less pain and stiffness following partial knee replacement than they do after total knee replacement. After partial knee replacement surgery, most patients receive 7-14 days of narcotic medications, but HSS also offers a limited narcotic pathway for patients who do not tolerate narcotic medications well.

If I decide to have a partial knee replacement, does that mean that I will no longer have arthritis of the knee?

Partial knee replacement will address the arthritis that is present in the particular compartment of the knee that is affected. However, there is no guarantee that arthritis will not develop elsewhere in the knee. Should this occur, surgical revision to a total knee replacement may be necessary.

 

How long can I expect my partial knee replacement to last?

A well-done partial knee replacement in an appropriately selected patient can have a survival rate that is comparable to that achieved with a total knee replacement in the first decade following surgery. The literature suggests that after the second decade, the revision rate may be somewhat higher for partial knee surgery than for total knee surgery.

What type of activities can I participate in after a partial knee replacement? What will be the range of motion in my knee?

Final range of motion in compartment procedures is usually comparable to preoperative range of motion.

What is the recovery time? How long will it be before I can a) walk without pain or b) go back to work?

Usually, full weight bearing is allowed immediately after the operation. Mobilization after surgery is important to prevent complications (deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism) and to resume independent self-care as soon as possible.

Can I return to playing sports after surgery?

The prosthesis is designed for walking/brisk walking – not running. That said, it is possible that some low impact exercises that avoid pivoting and twisting may be advantageous. Consult your doctor for specific information.

Will I have to wear a brace after surgery?

A brace is usually not required.

Can I choose my own hotels according to my budget?

You can most definitely choose hotels as per your convenience to you and your budget.

I can only speak my native language?

Many hospitals in India have language translators to help you communicate better and effortlessly with the doctors and medical staff.


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