Rheumatoid Arthritis in India
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What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Rheumatoid Arthritis happens to be an autoimmune disease which causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Autoimmune diseases are illness that occurs when the body tissues are mistakenly attacked by their own immune system. Though soreness of the tissue around the joints, and inflammatory arthritis, are characteristic features of Rheumatoid Arthritis, the disease can also cause injury and inflammation in other organs of the body. As it can effect, other organs of the body, this disease is also known as systematic illness.
At What Age Rheumatoid Arthritis Occurs?
Though most diagnosis occurs in individuals between ages 40 to 60, the early signs and symptoms, can occur prior to this, and may easily go unnoticed. But a point to be noted is that it can occur at any age. What is more alarming is women constitute 57 % ratio affected by this disease. In some ways, it usually starts during the middle age, but children can also become the victims of it.
Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
The exact cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis is unknown. Though infectious agents like bacteria and fungus have long been suspected, but nothing has emerged as a forerunner. It is believed that if someone has developed Rheumatoid Arthritis in India it may be inherited. The role of certain genes in the evolution of Rheumatoid Arthritis cannot be also ruled out.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis
The symptoms associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis fluctuate depending upon the inflammation of the tissue. When the body tissues, are inflamed the disease is active. The return of disease activity and symptoms is called a flare. When the disease, is active, the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis can include loss of energy, fatigue, muscle or joint pain, itches. Joint and muscle stiffness, are usually most notable in the morning and the evening and periods of inactivity. Arthritis is more common when the disease flares up. Also, when the flares occur, the joints tend to become frequently warm, red, painful and tender. Symptoms in the hand include difficulty, with simple tasks of daily living, such as opening jars and door knobs.
Check out the Patient Testimonial, where the patient shares about their success stories from treatments through Joint Replacement Surgery Hospital India.
Hi, my name is Jasmine Bosire from Kenya. I got my treatments for rheumatoid arthritis in India with the assistance of Joint Replacement Surgery Hospital India. My joint pain, stiffness and swelling started interfering with my daily active lifestyle. I went to my local doctor for a consultation who told me that my symptoms were quite similar to RA. He told me to get treatments for it with your surgery group in India. I contacted your group and after having a detailed conversation and discussion over the phones and mails, they explained me what to expect with the treatments. After being convinced by them, I got my appointment fixed with them. On arrival at the airport, an official escorted us to the hospital. I met my surgeon who reassured me before the surgery. This really helped to ease all my worries and anxieties. The staff were compassionate and very caring. Everything went well. I want to thank my surgeon and your surgery group for the professionalism, care and excellent medical services I got back in India. I would recommend you to anyone needing any kind of surgery to get it done through your surgery group in India.
How to Diagnosed Rheumatoid Arthritis?
There is no singular test for diagnosing test, Rheumatoid Arthritis. The diagnosis is based on clinical presentation and it is diagnosed based on the presentation of the joints involved.
To start off things, first and foremost in the diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis is a meeting, between the doctor and the patient. The doctor reviews, the history of the patients, examines the joint for inflammation, swelling and tenderness. Blood and x ray tests are often obtained. The diagnosis to a large extend will depend upon the pattern of tests and based on the tests conducted. Several tests may be undertaken before the exact cause of the disease. The doctor with a special training in arthritis and related diseases is called a rheumatologist.
What are the Differences between Rheumatoid Arthritis & other Arthritis Types?
As already stressed upon the fact that Rheumatoid Arthritis in India is an autoimmune system where the body attacks itself. The target happens to be the soft lining around the tissues, known as the synovium. The immune system views it as a threat which is similar to a bacteria or a fungus. The fluid build up causes inflammation and pain in the joints. It begins in the smaller joints of the body, and as it spreads, the symptoms can develop in the larger joints like the hips or the shoulders. In hindsight, it is a symmetrical disease.
Osteoarthritis which is the most popular form of arthritis is a degenerative disease of the joints. People with breakdown of its experience a collapse in their cartilage that cushions the joints. The wearing down of the cartilage forces the bones to rub against one another paving way for inflammation and muscle pain. The main point of difference with Rheumatoid Arthritis is that it does not involve the immune system. On the other hand, this is not a symmetrical disease and one may experience pain in both the right and the left knee for example. As and when the disease progresses, OA affects the spine and the hips
Prevention and Treatment Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis in India?
Modern medicines are very effective in treating Rheumatoid Arthritis. The pain is reduced in the joints, and the symptoms are also suppressed to a considerable extent. When the disease in the active stages, the patient needs to take a sufficient amount of rest. The symptoms tend to get better with medication and then the patient needs to exercise regularly. There are two major types of medicine, which are an epitome of Affordable Rheumatoid Arthritis in India
- Anti inflammatory painkillers like Brufen, or Celecoxib help in reducing the pain and swelling in the joints. They do not have any role in suppressing the arthritis.
- Disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs not only suppress the arthritis, but also aids in further replaces and occurrence of it. Steroids are usually effective at the early stage in relieving the symptoms, but they are not recommended for long term use due to side effects.
Why Opting Choosing Rheumatoid Arthritis Surgery is necessary?
The drugs for Rheumatoid Arthritis can slow down the disease. But for someone who already has joint damage, surgery may be something to be considered. Going under the knife is not something which can be taken lightly, but sometimes that may be the only option left. A couple of reasons could be the only resort as far as surgery is concerned
- To get permanent relief from pain.
- To be able to move better.
When there is some form of structural damage to a joint or the tissues around it, surgery may be the evitable option. One should consult an orthopaedic surgeon to find out about how it would help you and what the results are likely. Surgery cannot be a permanent fix and one should have realistic expectations before they get it done.
Since any form of surgery is serious and various complications can arise, Rheumatoid Arthritis in India reviews is a vital clog in the wheel to understand the quality of the medical team. They can let you know when you are ready for it.
Why to choose an Indian Hospital for your Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Indian is regarded as the next medical tourism in the world. Many foreigners choose India as a base for orthopaedic surgery, as the cost is much reasonable and the facilities can be compared to the best in the world. Most of the elite hospitals in the country use the latest state of art, technology and the quality of the support staff in the form of nurses and administrative staff is the best. Free consultation Rheumatoid Arthritis in India is offered by most of the top hospitals in the country. The use of the latest technology confers to the innovations which are set up by the medical industry. For this reason the medical tourism is scaling new heights and a revenue spinner for the economy.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Cost in India
Rheumatoid Arthritis affects 0.5 % population of the country. In fact, the last few years have seen significant advances in the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis in India. Low cost Rheumatoid Arthritis in India is available at some of the top notch hospitals in the country.
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Joint Replacement Surgery Hospital India offers highest quality bone and joint health care with attentiveness, care and compassion to meet the needs of the patients and their loved ones. The medical team includes board-certified orthopedic surgeons who are familiar with all the aspects of the musculoskeletal system. Our hospital uses the most advanced technologies available for the orthopaedic procedures and has a lower complication rate.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, inflammatory disease in which joint disease is center-stage, with a background of constitutional and internal manifestations. Systemic means that many parts of the body can be involved. Inflammatory means that the patient presents with redness, warmth, swelling and functional limitation in the joints. This can lead to joint damage, a major focus of the newer therapies for RA. Constitutional and internal manifestations mean that the body’s immune and inflammatory systems of the body are activated, can affect various tissues throughout the body, and can cause fatigue and weight loss.
We now know a great deal about what causes RA and how to control it. While we cannot cure it at present, joint damage can now be prevented — with early use of disease-modifying drugs that are essential in order to avoid joint erosions and limitation in function. The rate at which new advances in care are occurring in RA is mind-boggling!
The actual cause of RA is unknown, but it is thought to be triggered by environmental factors, such as infections with viruses or bacteria, in people with a genetic predisposition to the disease. However, while some patients do remember a viral-type illness when RA began, most do not. To date, no specific infectious agent has been found. (Some antibiotics may improve RA a bit, but their benefits seem to come from their anti-inflammatory action, not their bacteria-killing action.) Genetic factors appear to play as much as a 50% role in the development of RA. But it is the contact with an environmental agent in the genetically-predisposed person that seems to initiate the self-perpetuating inflammation characteristic of RA. While it is clear that genetics are important, if you have RA, this does not at all mean that your child or grandchildren will develop it. Actually, the risk is very small.
Diet may play a role in some patients with RA. However, in most, a well-balanced diet is the correct prescription. Patients should keep a diary to determine whether eating one type of food is commonly associated with a flare of RA. If that is the case, a trial of avoiding that food is reasonable. Optimal weight is always appropriate, especially patients with joint inflammation in the legs.
Patients commonly report that stress, either physical or emotional, was present or severe when their RA began. This is true in other autoimmune disorders as well. Since the mind-body connection is real, most physicians appreciate the linkage between stress and disease onset or exacerbation. Because there are clear interactions between the nervous, immune and endocrine systems, the impact of stress on disease presentation and severity is explainable in physiologic terms. Obviously, life is stressful. Thus, how to employ stress reduction in a therapeutic regimen is up to the individual patient, in concert with the physician.
The immune system plays a major role in development of joint inflammation and damage, fatigue, and the feeling that you have a chronic viral illness. The immune system is made up of body-protecting cells and antibodies. In normal people, these help to fight off invading infectious agents. In RA, however, something goes awry, and immune system appears to be directed against the person’s tissues. Thus, it is called an autoimmune disorder.
The main joint symptoms are related to the state of inflammation and include pain, swelling, redness, warmth and limitation in range of motion of the involved joints The joint pains in RA behave in a specific manner and affect multiple joints on both sides of the body in what is called a symmetric pattern. That is, if your left knee is affected, your right knee will likely also be affected. The joints most likely to be affected are the small joints of the hand and feet, elbows, knees, and ankles. The external signs of inflammation reflect a potentially-damaging disease process that can lead to injury to bone, cartilage, and soft tissues such as tendons. If left untreated, this can cause deformities and limitation in function. Fortunately, today we have excellent treatments that can stop this inflammation and avoid further damage.
Some patients with RA develop more generalized disease in which internal organs can be inflamed and damaged. This is quite rare, and rarer still today with our new therapies. Some of the patients who develop this problem have little nodules under the skin of their forearms. Internal problems can include: lung inflammation; nerve irritation called neuropathy; eye inflammation called scleritis; and dry eyes or dry mouth due to Sjogren’s syndrome. Each of these problems can be treated with many of the newer medications available for RA.
The diagnosis of RA is based on clinical signs and symptoms, but it is supported by laboratory tests. If someone presents with a clinical pattern suggestive of RA, a variety of blood tests and X-rays will be performed.
Today, we are blessed with a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis and characteristics of RA and the availability of safe and effective medications that can alter the natural history of RA and improve function. We start with the premise that RA is eminently controllable, and the goal of our therapies is “no evidence of disease.” That means no signs of redness, warmth, swelling or tenderness and normal function. Since we would not accept uncontrolled illness in angina, chronic obstructive lung disease, hypertension or diabetes, we should similarly not accept it in RA. Luckily, today, we have the therapeutic tools to make this happen. Early treatment with disease-modifying drugs is mandatory in order to prevent joint damage and dysfunction (i.e. within the first two to three months after disease onset). Treatment will continue for at least five years and possibly throughout life. Medications, physical and occupational therapy, and education for patients and their families should be important components of every regimen.
A multidisciplinary team that includes the primary care physician, the rheumatologist, the physical therapist, and other members of the health care system will bring about a coordinated treatment program that is both safe and effective. The primary care physician or internist commonly works in partnership with a rheumatologist. Referral to a specialist in rheumatology most commonly occurs in the following situations:
When the diagnosis is in question;
At the start of therapy, in order to craft the optimal medication and physical therapy regimen;
During the course of the illness to define response to or alteration in the treatment regimen;
In the setting of possible medication side effects;
Progressive disease despite therapy;
A single joint that is leading to significant functional limitation;
The presence of fever, marked fatigue, or weight loss;
Prior to orthopaedic surgery.
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